Nose and Mouth Care
When it comes to the health of your nose, mouth and throat, finding the right ear, nose and throat doctor to diagnose and treat your issues is crucial. At Independence Ear, Nose, & Throat, we strive to offer all the services you need to look after your health, including the following:
Many of us have heard the term ‘sinus,’ but we may not know precisely what the sinuses are. The sinuses are cavities within the skull that create a large connected system. There are four types of sinuses:
- Maxillary sinuses: The largest of the sinuses, at about one-inch thick, the maxillary sinus is located in your cheekbone.
- Frontal sinuses: Located at the low-center of your forehead
- Ethmoid sinuses: Sinuses located in between your eyes
- Sphenoid sinuses: Sinuses located in the bones behind the nose.
Each sinus is lined with soft, pink tissue, known as mucosa. Scientists and researchers believe that sinuses help humidify the air we breathe and enhance our voices.
When an individual becomes sick, the sinuses can become filled with mucus, become inflamed or become infected.
Have you ever wondered why your nose becomes stuffy? Nasal congestion occurs when the nasal passages become swollen with excess fluid or mucus, which may be triggered by numerous factors, including infection, allergens such as dandruff, smoking or perfume. Nasal congestion typically isn’t a serious health issue. However, it is important to call your primary care physician or to make an appointment with Independence Ear, Nose, & Throat if:
- The stuffy nose or nasal congestion lasts more than 10 days
- A baby younger than two months has nasal congestion and a fever
- A stuffy nose is accompanied with green snot or discharge, a fever and sinus pain
- Blood-tinged discharge comes from the nose
Loss of Smell
Loss of smell, or anosmia, can be a temporary or permanent condition, depending on the root of its cause. Many underlying health conditions can cause anosmia, including:
- Nasal congestion due to a cold, allergies, sinus infections or poor air quality
- Exposure to toxic chemicals
- Nasal polyps
- Injury to the nose and small nerves
- Certain medications, including some antibiotics, antidepressants, heart medications and anti-inflammatory medications
- Cocaine abuse
- Certain medical conditions, including Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, nutritional deficiencies, congenital conditions or hormonal disturbances
- Old age
- Radiation treatment of cancers of the head and neck
Nose bleeds are typically the result of trauma to the inside of the nose, such as picking or being hit in the face. Occasionally, nose bleeds occur due to other medical issues, including:
- Blood clotting issues
- Blood vessel disorders
- Tumors in the nasal cavities
People snore due to several factors. Snoring occurs when air flows past the soft tissues in your throat, causing the relaxed tissues to vibrate. While everyone snores now and then, it can become a debilitating issue for some people, especially when it becomes chronic.
Chronic snoring is most often linked to obstructive sleep disorder (OSA), although it is important to note that it is not always the case. Symptoms of OSA include:
- Breathing pauses during sleep; diagnosable OSA requires that these pauses are witnessed by a spouse or during a sleep test
- Gasping or choking at night
- Restless sleep
- Excessive daytime sleepiness
- Sore throat upon waking up
- Snoring that’s so loud others in your house cannot sleep
- Chest pain at night
- High blood pressure
- Morning headaches
- Difficulty concentrating