Anyone can experience allergies at any time of the year. They can also strike in adulthood, even if you never experienced them as a child. Additionally, it is not uncommon for individuals to develop allergies when they move to areas or begin taking new medications. At Independence Ear, Nose, & Throat, we have the doctors on staff to help you get control over your allergies.
When your sinuses become blocked with fluid, they become infected. This condition is called sinusitis. Chronic sinusitis occurs when the infection is long-lasting, typically more than 12 weeks. Symptoms of chronic sinusitis include:
- Tenderness of the face, especially when gentle pressure is applied around the nose, eyes and forehead
- Postnasal drip
- Nasal discharge
- Ear pain
Chronic sinusitis can be caused by many issues, including:
- Blocked airways due to allergies
- An infection
- A fungus
- Deviated septum
- Weakened immune system
Hay fever, or allergic rhinitis, is a response to allergens, such as pollen, dust mites or tiny hair or saliva shed by cats, dogs and other animals with fur or feathers.
Rhinitis, or inflammation of the nasal cavity, is more commonly called a stuffy nose. Rhinitis occurs when the mucosa or the lining of the nasal cavity becomes inflamed due to an infection or cold. Rhinitis is classified into different types, including:
- Acute rhinitis
- Allergic rhinitis
- Non-allergic rhinitis with eosinophilia
- Nasal mastocytosis
- Granulomatous rhinitis
- Vasculitic rhinitis
Acute rhinitis and allergic rhinitis are the most common types. Symptoms include:
- Excessive discharge that could be thick or watery
- Sore throat
- Excessive tiredness
- Itchy or watery eyes
Acute rhinitis will typically clear up in three to seven days, as it is most often caused by a cold. Allergic rhinitis can last longer, sometimes up to months, and can require medical treatment.
Sore throats are indicated by pain and a scratchy or irritated sensation that is usually worse when you swallow. Usually, a sore throat is caused by a viral infection, though bacterial infections can also cause sore throats. Additionally, allergens can cause sore throats. Dander, molds, dust and pollen can irritate the throat; postnasal drip, which often accompanies allergic reactions, further complicates the irritated throat.